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Variety Name

Fermer

ID 3308
Latin Name Triticum aestivum L.
Common Name wheat
Country Bulgaria
Registration Year 2009
Short Description The mutant variety Fermer was officialy approved in 2009. It was developed by gamma irradiation (50 Gy) of dry seeds of the cultivar Pobeda. Fermer belongs to the Group B - medium to high power wheat, suitable for self-baking of bread wheat. It is considered as a significant breeding achievement in Bulgaria due to its: stable, high productivity; excellent drought and cold tolerance (ranked as the highest cold tolerance) and resistance to the brown rust (race 10R). As such it is suitable for cultivation in various ecological environments. It attains basic yield with limited input of nitrogen and produces more grains with an in increase nitrogen input, which makes it economically effective and suitable for low input agriculture.

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Fermer


Name and Registration

National Registration Year 2009


Crop Type and Improved Traits

Propagation Primary Seed propagated crops
Propagation Secondary Self pollination
Usage Primary Food
Usage Secondary Cereals
Characteristic Primary Tolerance to abiotic stresses
Characteristic Primary Sub-Type Low temperature
Characteristic Secondary Resistance to biotic stresses
Characteristic Secondary Sub-Type Fungal disease


Breeding Method Section

Mutagen Treatment Type Physical
Physical Mutagen gamma rays
Physical Treatment Dose 50
Physical Dose Units Gy
Treated Material Type Seed
Phenotype High yield, good quality, excellent drought and cold tolerance, resistance to the brown rust


Historical Breeding Method

Breeding Method Direct use of an induced mutant
Mutagen Treatment Type Physical
Physical Mutagen gamma rays
Physical Treatment Dose 50 Gy
Treated Material Type Seed
Parent Variety Pobeda
Parent Variety Pobeda


Breeders

1. , IPGR, Bulgaria